With the development of the company unceasingly, warehouse handling work, also not necessarily a forklift operation tools. Forklift truck is a service department and outside processing work of loading and unloading transportation tools, in the long-term work of forklift forklift maintenance must be done well, make sure forklift low loss, normal operation, ensure the normal work of various departments, now do the following knowledge of maintenance and operation.
A, daily check project
1. The brake device and control functions.
2. The function of the loading and unloading device and a liquid device.
3. The wheels have without exception.
4. Light, back light, direction indicator and the function of the dashboard.
5. Whether the engine oil tank is leaking
Second, the project inspection maintenance
1. A week touring car, check the presence of the trace of oil spill or leakage, especially to check the hydraulic pipe junction, oil cylinder, pump and control valve.
2. Brake is sensitive and whether the pedal is too heavy, can be bounced, and micro pedal and brake pedal linkage. If there is any exception handling in a timely manner.
3. The cooling water, remove the radiator cap, check whether the water is enough, deficiencies are filled up.
4. The V belt tightness, according to the central part of the belt with the hand, examine its deflection is in line with the standard. If the belt has a scratch, crack, should be replaced with a new belt.
5. The engine oil pan of oil, oil meter examination, foot, deficiencies are if engine oil is dirty or discoloured, oil should be replaced.
6. Check all lights are in normal light, turning lights flashing is normal, the lamp with and without damage, is clean.
7. The steering wheel on the circumference of the normal clearance for 30 to 60 mm. Also, check whether move up and down.
8. The fuel tank, oil transfer starting switch to "power" position, the fuel gauge needle position on the dashboard. If enough oil to fill. Refueling refueling should pay attention to keep clean and oil.
9. The instrument, and check the engine oil pressure warning lamp and a charge warning light is off, engine temperature and torque converter oil temperature gauge needle is in the green zone.
10. The chain taut state will fork rises 10 to 15 mm, press with finger tight chain central, see about the chain of deflection are the same.
Three, forklift operation and routine maintenance
1. The operation main point
1.1: to be familiar with and keep in mind the function and position of the pedal and handles. Before the start of check whether the pedal free stroke is normal, the foot brake pedal on whether the feeling after hard real-time.
1.2: preheating before start the engine, the attention preheating time not more than 60 seconds every time, every time start time less than 10 seconds. Startup time two intervals of not less than 2 minutes, if three times cannot start should find out the reason, troubleshoot and start.
1.3: after the engine idle speed running 3 to 5 minutes, each instrument, working lamp, rinse beep using normal.
The rise and fall of 1.4: borrow fork frame, door frame and tilted freely operating handle reset and sensitive nature.
1.5: loosen the hand brake, clutch and gear shift handle, micro refueling door, start the vehicle and machinery forklift truck clutch should be thoroughly immediately forklift slow start exercising, check braking, steering performance.
1.6: to exercise the gear shift should be operated clutch and gear shift handle.
1.7: the forklift is in a state of full stop to before and after the reversing.
1.8: in a small space or potholed road driving, pay attention to the position of spacing, observe when manipulating, to avoid a collision.
1.9: cargo exercise, goods fork 20 cm off the ground, door frame tilt Angle of 30 degrees, back to the goods against file cargo door frame, it is strictly prohibited to cargo rapid braking or a sharp turn in the road.
1.10: stop forklift, shift lever to the neutral, goods fork down to the ground, the engine idle speed running 2-3 minutes, flameout, tighten hand brake.
1.11: check each parts fastening and oil leakage, wash the forklift truck.
1.12: weekly check the filter and cleaning, such as oil change the oil change in time.
2. The driver notices
2.1: must be employed forensics training before driving forklift truck.
2.2: in driving forklift inspection control and alarm device, such as found damaged or defective, should be in operation after the repair.
2.3: when carrying load should not exceed the specified value, the fork must insert all goods piled plate to the following.
2.4: smoothly starting, steering, driving, braking and stopping, in wet or smooth road, is required to slow, stop when necessary.
2.5: the loading drive should be lower as far as possible the goods after the door frame.
2.6: the hill at a 15 degree Angle of slopes, should drive forward, downhill driving should be back on the downhill steering of avoid by all means, forklift driving downhill on, no loading and unloading operations.
2.7: running potholes and pedestrian barriers should be paid attention to the road, and pay attention to the gap at the top of the forklift.
2.8: the operation of the truck is allowed to people standing on the fork and material goods, cars are not allowed to be manned, ensure the forklift truck operation safety.
2.9: don't stand under the pallet fork work and walk under the fork.
2.10: don't goods transportation, unsecured or loose stacking, careful handling large size of goods.
2.11: lifting height is greater than 2 m above the goods drop down, should be paid attention to when it is necessary to take protective measures.
2.12: added fuel to keep the engine flameout or power cuts, in the parking ramp, pull a good brake or pad pad wheels.
3. The daily maintenance
3.1: check the oil inside the shell and fuel injection pump whether the oil level of oil in the specified location;
3.2: to clear the dust on the engine and instrumentation, water damage, oil pollution, check whether the electric system is dry and clean, the fixed connection parts;
3.3: check on the presence of water leakage, oil leakage, leakage phenomenon, discovered in a timely manner to eliminate;
3.4: check whether the location of the tank and the water heat sink clean and intact permeability;
3.5: check check the fan belt and generator belt tighter if appropriate;
3.6: cleaning of oil filter and oil filter;
3.7: clean up the air filter. The method is: out paper air filter cartridge, flap with hand or hand brush brush, avoid by all means is in the water or oil cleaning, found that damage to the timely replacement, installation, pay attention to the seal; To clean up three times a week.
3.8: remove the inlet and exhaust pipe, the airway to each cylinder filling in dehydration of clean oil 200 g (oil is heated to 110-110 degrees until bubbles disappear completely), and rotate the crankshaft, make oil even attached to the valve, cylinder liner, piston parts surface;
3.9: diesel engine surface should wipe the oil, water and dust, not painted parts should be coated rust-proof oil, machine oil and grease, melts well into), rubber and plastic products should not be.
Above the corresponding knowledge, facilitate learning reference, to improve personal professional skills. Stroke and enterprising, innovative, and constantly improve their work efficiency, found work problems timely report to the leadership and seek the solution, in order to make greater contribution to the company's future development.
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