KOLKATA (ICIS)--India’ http://www.qdtys.com/s monthly naphtha exports may fall in the coming months as the restart of three major urea producers in the southern part of the country will boost domestic demand for the petrochemical feedstock, a government official said on Tuesday.
On average, the country exports about 450,000 tonnes of naphtha on a monthly basis since January this year.
Mangalore Chemicals and Fertilizers Ltd (MCFL) in Karnataka, Madras Fertilizers Limited and Southern Petrochemicals Industries Ltd (SPIC) in Tamil Nadu were allowed to resume production last week using naphtha as feedstock for production, the official from India’s Department of Fertilizers said.
Their plants will require about 1.2m tonnes/year of naphtha to produce a combined 1.5m tonnes of urea, the official said, adding that no new deadline was set when the plants will have to switch to cheaper natural gas as feedstock for production.
The three fertilizer companies have yet to negotiate for long-term supply of feedstock naphtha and will have to secure cargoes from the domestic spot market, the official said.
They had to stop production in April this year after failing to meet the government’s deadline to switch to using natural gas feedstock. The initial deadline was set on 30 June 2014, but was extended to 15 April this year.
Urea, also known as carbon amide (carbamide), is a kind of white crystal.One of the most simple organic compounds.Carbonate diamide, formula for H2NCONH2 (CO (NH2) 2).Mammals, and some fish protein metabolism in the body break down major nitrogenous end-products.Is also the highest nitrogen content of nitrogen fertilizer.As a kind of neutral fertilizer, urea is suitable for various soil and plants.It is easy to save, easy to use, damage to the soil effect is small, is one of the current heavy usage of chemical nitrogen fertilizer.Ammonia and carbon dioxide industry under certain conditions of synthesis of urea.